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The SSL In OsCommerce Guide For The Innocent


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#21   KDW

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Posted 13 June 2005 - 18:01

stupid question time.

can I buy one SSL certificate and use it on two different sites?

#22   Simplyeasier

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Posted 13 June 2005 - 18:36

stupid question time.

can I buy one SSL certificate and use it on two different sites?

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


An SSL cert will generaly protect (encrypt) data from a single domain.

A so called wild card SSL cert will additionally protect all subdomains of that domain.

So in brief the answer to your question is no

Charles
A kite flies highest AGAINST the wind !

"Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the  intention of arriving safely in an attractive and well preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, a lover in one hand, martini in the other,  body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming ~ WOO HOO!!   What a  ride!"

#23   jtr24

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Posted 14 June 2005 - 21:12

did you install the cert yourself on the server ?

Your config looks wrong at first glance - the http server should have www. as a prefix and the https server path should be in the full name as issued on your cert which may or may not include the www.

also make sure your cookie domains are configured with the correct names as in my original post and in relation to your issued cert name

Charles

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


I don't understand what u mean about the cookies? and what do you mean full name on the CERT? how do i figure out if I did that right? do you know how to do install a cert on CPANEL?

#24   pstrid

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Posted 14 June 2005 - 22:13

Having problems when I secure my Admin via SSL...it works but in certain areas it will log me off and I have to log back in (I have the Administration Access Level Accounts 2.0 contribution installed). For example, when I am on the customer page and try to search for a customer, it logs me out of my admin session.

Let's assume my website url is: www.abccompany.com
and i have a shared SSL certficate: https://id100.secure....net/abccompany

Here are my current settings:

define('HTTP_SERVER', 'https://id100.securedata.net/abccompany'); 
define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://id100.securedata.net/abccompany');
define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://id100.securedata.net/abccompany');
define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); 
define('DIR_FS_DOCUMENT_ROOT', '/www/abccompany/');  
define('DIR_WS_ADMIN', '/admin/'); // absolute path required
define('DIR_FS_ADMIN', '/www/abccompany/admin/'); 
define('DIR_WS_CATALOG', '/'); 
define('DIR_FS_CATALOG', '/www/abccompany/');

and suggestions would be much appreciated. Thanks!

#25   Simplyeasier

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Posted 14 June 2005 - 22:23

I don't understand what u mean about the cookies? and what do you mean full name on the CERT? how do i figure out if I did that right? do you know how to do install a cert on CPANEL?

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


Post both your configure.php files for review - I think your cookie paths are wrong .

Charles
A kite flies highest AGAINST the wind !

"Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the  intention of arriving safely in an attractive and well preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, a lover in one hand, martini in the other,  body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming ~ WOO HOO!!   What a  ride!"

#26   Simplyeasier

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Posted 14 June 2005 - 22:24

Having problems when I secure my Admin via SSL...it works but in certain areas it will log me off and I have to log back in (I have the Administration Access Level Accounts 2.0 contribution installed). For example, when I am on the customer page and try to search for a customer, it logs me out of my admin session.

Let's assume my website url is: www.abccompany.com
and i have a shared SSL certficate: https://id100.secure....net/abccompany

Here are my current settings:

define('HTTP_SERVER', 'https://id100.securedata.net/abccompany'); 
define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://id100.securedata.net/abccompany');
define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://id100.securedata.net/abccompany');
define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); 
define('DIR_FS_DOCUMENT_ROOT', '/www/abccompany/');  
define('DIR_WS_ADMIN', '/admin/'); // absolute path required
define('DIR_FS_ADMIN', '/www/abccompany/admin/'); 
define('DIR_WS_CATALOG', '/'); 
define('DIR_FS_CATALOG', '/www/abccompany/');

and suggestions would be much appreciated. Thanks!

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


I get a 404 page unavailable when I try to log into the url you have posted

Charles
A kite flies highest AGAINST the wind !

"Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the  intention of arriving safely in an attractive and well preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, a lover in one hand, martini in the other,  body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming ~ WOO HOO!!   What a  ride!"

#27   jtr24

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Posted 15 June 2005 - 00:06

Post both your configure.php files for review - I think your cookie paths are wrong .

Charles

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


admin/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://ezpregnancytest.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://ezpregnancytest.com');
  define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://www.ezpregnancytest.com');
  define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module
  define('DIR_FS_DOCUMENT_ROOT', '/home/ezpreg/public_html/'); // where the pages are located on the server

includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://ezpregnancytest.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTPS_SERVER', 'https://www.ezpregnancytest.com'); // eg, https://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('ENABLE_SSL', false); // secure webserver for checkout procedure?
  define('HTTP_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'ezpregnancytest.com');
  define('HTTPS_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'ezpregnancytest.com');
  define('HTTP_COOKIE_PATH', '/');
  define('HTTPS_COOKIE_PATH', '/');


#28   AverageJoe

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Posted 15 June 2005 - 02:05

Thanks for the guide, it's very informative. I have a question though:

After you setup the ssl certificate and configure the oscommerce config files, do you need to put a copy of the "/catalog/" folder in your private_html directory? It seems like a lot of wasted space if you have to keep two sets of product photos, one in the public_html and one in the private_html.

#29   Simplyeasier

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Posted 16 June 2005 - 08:55

Justin

Assumptions

1) Your shop is in root
2) You cert has been issued to mydomain.com WITHOUT the www.

The SSL relevant part of your includes/configure.php shld look something like

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.mydomain.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('HTTPS_SERVER', 'https://mydomain.com'); // eg, https://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('ENABLE_SSL', true); // secure webserver for checkout procedure?
define('HTTP_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'www.mydomain.com');
define('HTTPS_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'mydomain.com');
define('HTTP_COOKIE_PATH', '/');
define('HTTPS_COOKIE_PATH', '/');
define('DIR_WS_HTTP_CATALOG', '/');
define('DIR_WS_HTTPS_CATALOG', '/');

The SSL relevant part of your admin/includes/configure.php shld look somethin like

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.forherlingerie.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://www.forherlingerie.com');
define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://forherlingerie.com');
define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module

Charles

Edited by Simplyeasier, 16 June 2005 - 08:56.

A kite flies highest AGAINST the wind !

"Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the  intention of arriving safely in an attractive and well preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, a lover in one hand, martini in the other,  body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming ~ WOO HOO!!   What a  ride!"

#30 ONLINE   thewebsmiths

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Posted 20 June 2005 - 14:15

Hi,

I'm very new to OS Commerce, so forgive me if this is a truly stupid question.

I have a site working with no SSL, and have now taken a section on a shared SSL server, I have changed the config file and at checkout the browser jumps to this location, but I can't find for the life of me what files I need to upload to the secure server, I assume it's all the checkout files, but then I need a load of includes as well, is there a list of required files that I should put there?

Or am I asking a stupid question??

Thanks in advance.

Steve

What is (or Isn't) SSL ?

SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer. This is technology derived in part from the military that encrypts data transfers across the internet. There are several flavours of SSL but the most prevalent one today is 128 bit encryption, but watch out 256 bit encryption is on it's way !

For an e-trader, SSL encryption protects your customers transaction details as they are passed back and forth between their browser and your server \ domain. The data encryption happens at one end using a key and is deciphered at the other end using an equivalent key. The permutations for how data can be encrypted are astronomical making it virtually theft and interference proof during transit.

SSL DOES NOT PROTECT your server from attacks, nor your admin or catalog from malicious hacks. In order to protect your server and files you need to use facilities such as firewalls, virus checkers, Apache and IIS user and password protection for directories and files.

Why Do I Need SSL ?

You need SSL if you are selling to the public for two very good reasons.

1) Your customers expect it - As surfers become more sophisticated they look at your site and want to make sure their details will be safe should they order products. SSL seals are part - but a big part - in that re-assurance process. If the choice between two sites comes down to which offers transaction security - do you want to be the site that misses out ?

2) Even if you have unsophisticated customers who do not look for SSL encryption before they buy - if the data they send you is intercepted and misused - you could land up being in heavy lawsuits for amongst many other things negligence. This is a small possibility - but do you want to take the risk ?

How Does SSL Work With OsCommerce ?

The workings of SSL with osCommerce are quite straightforward.
Once your SSL is installed - see sections below, you set the configuration paths for https:// in catalog/includes/configure.php and admin/includes/configure.php, enable SSL and the code takes care of the rest.

If you look through the code you will see example after example of statements that refer to SSL where osC is making a decision based on request type as to whether to display the secured or non secured pages.

In short neither you nor your customers has to type in https:// into the address line to get to secure pages. osCommerce will identify from the configuration if SSL is installed and direct browsers to the correct page depending on what the browser is doing on your site.

How Do I Get SSL ?

1) Surf and find a Certificate issuer you feel happy with where you buy your SSL cerificate for a period of time 1 year, 2 year etc etc)

Things to look out for are

a) They own or have a trusted root in most browsers.

All browsers come pre-installed with so called Trusted roots.

These prevent Joe Shmoe and his cousin Joe Bloggs from issuing worthless certificates that cannot do the encrypting to unsuspecting buyers.

To see trusted roots if you use IE go to Internet Options under tools and select the content tab where you will see in the middle section all the trusted root certs installed on IE and their issuers.

b ) If they don't have a trusted root in most browsers make sure they have a cert known as a chaining cert that links whatever they sell to you with a trusted root.

What is the difference -

Trusted root sellers are EXPENSIVE and very well recognised brands.

Chaining certs are affordable - They are still 128 bit encryption hence no less secure - but the brands are less well known.

2) Get your host to raise a CSR (Certificate Signing request) - To do this the host will need certain information from you, especially if they are not also your registrar. Such info will be your domains registered admistrator. This info will be required by the SSL issuer. Along with the CSR they also generate a key that will be used to encrypt and decipher data transmissions from your server \ domain. -

Things to look out for are

Your certificate will encrypt data in a very precise way - if the cert is issued to www.yourdomain.com it will NOT encrypt transfers between yourdomain.com and browsers and vice versa.

So make sure you instruct your host to get the CSR raised with the correct AND full name of the domain you want to be encrypted.

I normally use the domain name without the www. qualifier because servers for a number of reasons can strip the www. off, but I have yet to see a server add it on without a deliberate redirect.

3) Send the CSR to your cert issuer who will vet the details and write to the administrator noted when the CSR was raised.

4) Assuming you are the administrator of your domain - you will have to acknowledge the mail from the issuer and OK the SSL.

5) The issuer will raise a SSL cert and send it to you. If you are using a chaining issuer they will also send a chain certificate.

6) Send these to your host who will install as follows :
a) The SSL cert will be installed in a directory on your server along with the chaining certificate if applicable.
b ) They will also instal the key they generated in step 2 above.
c) They will then add certain statements known as directives to your Apache configure files. These tell Apache that the site has SSL encryption certification.

Making SSL Work With The Catalog and Admin

In order to make SSL work with osCommerce you need to set the correct configuration paths in

a) catalog/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.yourdomain.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTPS_SERVER', 'https://yourdomain.com'); // eg, https://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('ENABLE_SSL', true); // secure webserver for checkout procedure?
  define('HTTP_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'www.yourdomain.com');
  define('HTTPS_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'yourdomain.com');
  define('HTTP_COOKIE_PATH', '/catalog/');
  define('HTTPS_COOKIE_PATH', '/catalog/');
  define('DIR_WS_HTTP_CATALOG', '/catalog/');
  define('DIR_WS_HTTPS_CATALOG', '/catalog/');

b ) admin/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.yourdomain.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://www.yourdomain.com');
  define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://yourdomain.com');
  define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module

* Note the assumptions above - The certificate was issued WITHOUT the www. qualifier and this shop is installed in Catalog directory ONE level below root.

In normal working - these changes above will result in a small padlock being shown in the bottom right of your browser status bar when you navigate to a secure page AND your address line will show the https:// URL instead of http://

Trouble Shooting

1) Security Alert

The alert box says info you exchange with this site cannot be viewed or changed by others. However there is a problem with the sites security certificate.

The box has 3 levels of alert

a) The certificate is from a trusted certifying authority - Green tick for good or Red cross for bad will show
b ) The security certificate date is valid - Green tick for good or Red cross for bad will show
c) The name on the security certificate is invalid or does not match the name of the site - Green tick for good or Red cross for bad will show

If the problem is a) then you need to take account of How Do I Get SSL point 1 above !
If the problem is B ) you need to extend the certificates validity - refer to the issuer.
If the problem is c) Your certificate has probably been issued with or without the www. and you have used the other spellng in your configure files. Make sure the cert name as issued is used in the configure.php files. (See How Do I Get SSL point 2 above)

2) This page has both secure and insecure items

This alert appears if the secured page the browser is trying to show has objects or references that point to non secured domains.

So for instance if you had a graphical image of credit cards as processed by your gateway and say you were hotlinking to the images with a piece of code such as <img src="http://mycreditcardp...essor.com.....> That image is not on your encrypted domain hence the alert would show.

Often this problem will appear from one or more of three sources

a) Where you are hotlinking images for your products from the wholesalers server
b ) objects in your footer
c) objects in your boxes in the columns

3) Page 404 (unavailable)

If you set your site up and during instal you choose SSL security WITHOUT having done the stuff in here you may get 404's when you try to access secured pages.

Wrapping Up

1) Self issued certificates

Some people have dedicated servers and even on some shared server you can raise a self issued SSL certification. This does  everything as above except the certificate root does not exist in browsers. Therefore your site may be secure (although I do not profess to know if self certificates offer 128 bit encryption), BUT your site visitors will ALWAYS get the alert in Trouble Shooting point 1.

Even though the alert says the site is safe, this is perhaps worse than not having a certificate as it alerts people to the fact that there is a problem with the certificate - and people do not like problems !!!

2) Shared SSL certificates

Talk to your host for the path you need to apply in your configure.php paths

Charles

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>



#31   jpool

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Posted 20 June 2005 - 14:45

you dont need to upload anything.
if you have the cert and you made the appropiate changes to configure.php and admin/configure.php then when you try to log in you will see the change from http://yourdomian.com to https://yourdomain.com
cheers

#32   cngo

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Posted 21 June 2005 - 21:23

Hello,

I just had my SSL installed. I modified both configure.php on catalog as well as admin per instructed. The catalog side works perfectly, but the admin side doesn't seem to work properly. Whenever I logon to admin, the URL doesn't switch to https and I don't see the pad lock appear on the lower right corner of my browser. However, the lower left corner of the admin menu displayed: "You are protected by a 256-bit secure SSL connection". Am I doing any thing wrong here?

Below is my configure.php under \admin\
Released under the GNU General Public License
*/

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.myserver.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://www.myserver.com');
define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://www.myserver.com');
define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module
define('DIR_FS_DOCUMENT_ROOT', '/home/public_html/'); // where the pages are located on the server
define('DIR_WS_ADMIN', '/admin/'); // absolute path required
define('DIR_FS_ADMIN', '/home/public_html/admin/'); // absolute pate required
define('DIR_WS_CATALOG', '/'); // absolute path required
define('DIR_FS_CATALOG', '/home/public_html/'); // absolute path required
define('DIR_WS_IMAGES', 'images/');

#33   cngo

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Posted 27 June 2005 - 15:56

Hello,

I just had my SSL installed.  I modified both configure.php on catalog as well as admin per instructed.  The catalog side works perfectly, but the admin side doesn't seem to work properly.  Whenever I logon to admin, the URL doesn't switch to https and I don't see the pad lock appear on the lower right corner of my browser.  However, the lower left corner of the admin menu displayed: "You are protected by a 256-bit secure SSL connection".  Am I doing any thing wrong here?

Below is my configure.php under \admin\
Released under the GNU General Public License
*/

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.myserver.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://www.myserver.com');
  define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://www.myserver.com');
  define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module
  define('DIR_FS_DOCUMENT_ROOT', '/home/public_html/'); // where the pages are located on the server
  define('DIR_WS_ADMIN', '/admin/'); // absolute path required
  define('DIR_FS_ADMIN', '/home/public_html/admin/'); // absolute pate required
  define('DIR_WS_CATALOG', '/'); // absolute path required
  define('DIR_FS_CATALOG', '/home/public_html/'); // absolute path required
  define('DIR_WS_IMAGES', 'images/');

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>



Well, it turned out that the line
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.myserver.com'); // eg, [url=http://localhost]
has to be
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'https://www.myserver.com'); // eg, [url=http://localhost]
in order for the admin catalog to be secured.

#34   MechBun

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Posted 28 June 2005 - 23:04

I actually have several questions, here is some base information:

I have all my info and catalog stored on a server that my friend owns and then a dummy url that redirects to this server.
The server I am on is not shared, if anyone else wants some room then they just get a folder on it. I have the root index.
My server's IP is Dynamic and can not be upgraded to Static.
All my payments will either be BidPay, MO, or Paypal, so the SSL is only protecting name and address data.

1.Do I need to purchase 2 seperate SSL certs, one for each URL?

2.I have heard that only the top 10 or so major cert providers actually work fully, because all browsers have their root files installed. These seem to all be extremely expensive. Which cert provider do you suggest? I am willing to spend money, just not more than $100 a year.

3. Can I even get the gauranteed fewest warning popups with a Dynamic IP?

Do any of my questions make sense? I have spent a few days researching and I apologize if any of this sounds choppy. I am sure that i will think of more questions later.

Thanks =)

#35   Simplyeasier

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Posted 30 June 2005 - 16:43

I actually have several questions, here is some base information:

I have all my info and catalog stored on a server that my friend owns and then a dummy url that redirects to this server.
The server I am on is not shared, if anyone else wants some room then they just get a folder on it. I have the root index.
My server's IP is Dynamic and can not be upgraded to Static.
All my payments will either be BidPay, MO, or Paypal, so the SSL is only protecting name and address data.

1.Do I need to purchase 2 seperate SSL certs, one for each URL?

2.I have heard that only the top 10 or so major cert providers actually work fully, because all browsers have their root files installed. These seem to all be extremely expensive. Which cert provider do you suggest? I am willing to spend money, just not more than $100 a year.

3. Can I even get the gauranteed fewest warning popups with a Dynamic IP?

Do any of my questions make sense? I have spent a few days researching and I apologize if any of this sounds choppy. I am sure that i will think of more questions later.

Thanks =)

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


1 ) Yes if the two are totally different domains - certs will encrypt single domains only (wildcard certs will also encrypt sub domains)

2) You have heard wrong - there are many chained cert issuers who work seamlessly with osC I am not allowed to post commercial stuff here - PM me if you want then name of the issuer I use

3) You need a static IP address on a shared server - on a dedicated server if you only have one hosted domain you can have a dynamic IP for that domain and SSL will work - after the first one all other domains hosted on the server will require their own static IP address

Questions for you

1) why are you hosting on one server and re-directing to a dedicated - why not do it all on the dedicated server ?
2) Your dedicated server provider should be able to sell you a static IP address - most will offer a number of static addresses as part of the bundle

Charles
A kite flies highest AGAINST the wind !

"Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the  intention of arriving safely in an attractive and well preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, a lover in one hand, martini in the other,  body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming ~ WOO HOO!!   What a  ride!"

#36   MechBun

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Posted 01 July 2005 - 00:54

1 ) Yes if the two are totally different domains - certs will encrypt single domains only (wildcard certs will also encrypt sub domains)

2) You have heard wrong - there are many chained cert issuers who work seamlessly with osC I am not allowed to post commercial stuff here - PM me if you want then name of the issuer I use

3) You need a static IP address on a shared server - on a dedicated server if you only have one hosted domain you can have a dynamic IP for that domain and SSL will work - after the first one all other domains hosted on the server will require their own static IP address

Questions for you

1) why are you hosting on one server and re-directing to a dedicated - why not do it all on the dedicated server ?
2) Your dedicated server provider should be able to sell you a static IP address - most will offer a number of static addresses as part of the bundle

Charles

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>




Thank you SO much, this information helped alot! Both of your questions are going to be answered in a PM rather than here. It's a semi-long story and I don't want to share it with the whole board.
Niki

#37   osfalcon

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Posted 28 July 2005 - 19:58

So I have to purchase an ssl certificate, install it on my hosting server then change the ssl code to "true" correct?


Thanks in advance
osfalcon


What is (or Isn't) SSL ?

SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer. This is technology derived in part from the military that encrypts data transfers across the internet. There are several flavours of SSL but the most prevalent one today is 128 bit encryption, but watch out 256 bit encryption is on it's way !

For an e-trader, SSL encryption protects your customers transaction details as they are passed back and forth between their browser and your server \ domain. The data encryption happens at one end using a key and is deciphered at the other end using an equivalent key. The permutations for how data can be encrypted are astronomical making it virtually theft and interference proof during transit.

SSL DOES NOT PROTECT your server from attacks, nor your admin or catalog from malicious hacks. In order to protect your server and files you need to use facilities such as firewalls, virus checkers, Apache and IIS user and password protection for directories and files.

Why Do I Need SSL ?

You need SSL if you are selling to the public for two very good reasons.

1) Your customers expect it - As surfers become more sophisticated they look at your site and want to make sure their details will be safe should they order products. SSL seals are part - but a big part - in that re-assurance process. If the choice between two sites comes down to which offers transaction security - do you want to be the site that misses out ?

2) Even if you have unsophisticated customers who do not look for SSL encryption before they buy - if the data they send you is intercepted and misused - you could land up being in heavy lawsuits for amongst many other things negligence. This is a small possibility - but do you want to take the risk ?

How Does SSL Work With OsCommerce ?

The workings of SSL with osCommerce are quite straightforward.
Once your SSL is installed - see sections below, you set the configuration paths for https:// in catalog/includes/configure.php and admin/includes/configure.php, enable SSL and the code takes care of the rest.

If you look through the code you will see example after example of statements that refer to SSL where osC is making a decision based on request type as to whether to display the secured or non secured pages.

In short neither you nor your customers has to type in https:// into the address line to get to secure pages. osCommerce will identify from the configuration if SSL is installed and direct browsers to the correct page depending on what the browser is doing on your site.

How Do I Get SSL ?

1) Surf and find a Certificate issuer you feel happy with where you buy your SSL cerificate for a period of time 1 year, 2 year etc etc)

Things to look out for are

a) They own or have a trusted root in most browsers.

All browsers come pre-installed with so called Trusted roots.

These prevent Joe Shmoe and his cousin Joe Bloggs from issuing worthless certificates that cannot do the encrypting to unsuspecting buyers.

To see trusted roots if you use IE go to Internet Options under tools and select the content tab where you will see in the middle section all the trusted root certs installed on IE and their issuers.

b ) If they don't have a trusted root in most browsers make sure they have a cert known as a chaining cert that links whatever they sell to you with a trusted root.

What is the difference -

Trusted root sellers are EXPENSIVE and very well recognised brands.

Chaining certs are affordable - They are still 128 bit encryption hence no less secure - but the brands are less well known.

2) Get your host to raise a CSR (Certificate Signing request) - To do this the host will need certain information from you, especially if they are not also your registrar. Such info will be your domains registered admistrator. This info will be required by the SSL issuer. Along with the CSR they also generate a key that will be used to encrypt and decipher data transmissions from your server \ domain. -

Things to look out for are

Your certificate will encrypt data in a very precise way - if the cert is issued to www.yourdomain.com it will NOT encrypt transfers between yourdomain.com and browsers and vice versa.

So make sure you instruct your host to get the CSR raised with the correct AND full name of the domain you want to be encrypted.

I normally use the domain name without the www. qualifier because servers for a number of reasons can strip the www. off, but I have yet to see a server add it on without a deliberate redirect.

3) Send the CSR to your cert issuer who will vet the details and write to the administrator noted when the CSR was raised.

4) Assuming you are the administrator of your domain - you will have to acknowledge the mail from the issuer and OK the SSL.

5) The issuer will raise a SSL cert and send it to you. If you are using a chaining issuer they will also send a chain certificate.

6) Send these to your host who will install as follows :
a) The SSL cert will be installed in a directory on your server along with the chaining certificate if applicable.
b ) They will also instal the key they generated in step 2 above.
c) They will then add certain statements known as directives to your Apache configure files. These tell Apache that the site has SSL encryption certification.

Making SSL Work With The Catalog and Admin

In order to make SSL work with osCommerce you need to set the correct configuration paths in

a) catalog/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.yourdomain.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTPS_SERVER', 'https://yourdomain.com'); // eg, https://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('ENABLE_SSL', true); // secure webserver for checkout procedure?
  define('HTTP_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'www.yourdomain.com');
  define('HTTPS_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'yourdomain.com');
  define('HTTP_COOKIE_PATH', '/catalog/');
  define('HTTPS_COOKIE_PATH', '/catalog/');
  define('DIR_WS_HTTP_CATALOG', '/catalog/');
  define('DIR_WS_HTTPS_CATALOG', '/catalog/');

b ) admin/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
  define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://www.yourdomain.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
  define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://www.yourdomain.com');
  define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://yourdomain.com');
  define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module

* Note the assumptions above - The certificate was issued WITHOUT the www. qualifier and this shop is installed in Catalog directory ONE level below root.

In normal working - these changes above will result in a small padlock being shown in the bottom right of your browser status bar when you navigate to a secure page AND your address line will show the https:// URL instead of http://

Trouble Shooting

1) Security Alert

The alert box says info you exchange with this site cannot be viewed or changed by others. However there is a problem with the sites security certificate.

The box has 3 levels of alert

a) The certificate is from a trusted certifying authority - Green tick for good or Red cross for bad will show
b ) The security certificate date is valid - Green tick for good or Red cross for bad will show
c) The name on the security certificate is invalid or does not match the name of the site - Green tick for good or Red cross for bad will show

If the problem is a) then you need to take account of How Do I Get SSL point 1 above !
If the problem is B ) you need to extend the certificates validity - refer to the issuer.
If the problem is c) Your certificate has probably been issued with or without the www. and you have used the other spellng in your configure files. Make sure the cert name as issued is used in the configure.php files. (See How Do I Get SSL point 2 above)

2) This page has both secure and insecure items

This alert appears if the secured page the browser is trying to show has objects or references that point to non secured domains.

So for instance if you had a graphical image of credit cards as processed by your gateway and say you were hotlinking to the images with a piece of code such as <img src="http://mycreditcardp...essor.com.....> That image is not on your encrypted domain hence the alert would show.

Often this problem will appear from one or more of three sources

a) Where you are hotlinking images for your products from the wholesalers server
b ) objects in your footer
c) objects in your boxes in the columns

3) Page 404 (unavailable)

If you set your site up and during instal you choose SSL security WITHOUT having done the stuff in here you may get 404's when you try to access secured pages.

Wrapping Up

1) Self issued certificates

Some people have dedicated servers and even on some shared server you can raise a self issued SSL certification. This does  everything as above except the certificate root does not exist in browsers. Therefore your site may be secure (although I do not profess to know if self certificates offer 128 bit encryption), BUT your site visitors will ALWAYS get the alert in Trouble Shooting point 1.

Even though the alert says the site is safe, this is perhaps worse than not having a certificate as it alerts people to the fact that there is a problem with the certificate - and people do not like problems !!!

2) Shared SSL certificates

Talk to your host for the path you need to apply in your configure.php paths

Charles

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>



#38   osfalcon

osfalcon
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  • Real Name:bill

Posted 28 July 2005 - 19:59

So I have to purchase an ssl certificate, install it on my hosting server then change the ssl code to "true" correct?


Thanks in advance
osfalcon

#39   TF Solutions

TF Solutions
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  • Real Name:Tim Forrest
  • Location:Brisbane, Australia

Posted 04 August 2005 - 04:45

Hi there,

I've got 2 sites in progress, and both sites are having the same problem with SSL.

The catalog is working fine, with all the account parts secure. HOWEVER, the admin is not. All the https settings seem to be correct... any thoughts?

catalog/admin/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://funaticalcomau.ozstaging.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('HTTP_CATALOG_SERVER', 'http://funaticalcomau.ozstaging.com');
define('HTTPS_CATALOG_SERVER', 'https://secure16.ozh....com/funatical/');
define('ENABLE_SSL_CATALOG', 'true'); // secure webserver for catalog module

catalog/includes/configure.php

// Define the webserver and path parameters
// * DIR_FS_* = Filesystem directories (local/physical)
// * DIR_WS_* = Webserver directories (virtual/URL)
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://funaticalcomau.ozstaging.com'); // eg, http://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('HTTPS_SERVER', 'https://secure16.ozh....com/funatical/'); // eg, https://localhost - should not be empty for productive servers
define('ENABLE_SSL', true); // secure webserver for checkout procedure?
define('HTTP_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'funaticalcomau.ozstaging.com');
define('HTTPS_COOKIE_DOMAIN', 'funaticalcomau.ozstaging.com');
define('HTTP_COOKIE_PATH', '/catalog/');
define('HTTPS_COOKIE_PATH', '/catalog/');
define('DIR_WS_HTTP_CATALOG', '/catalog/');
define('DIR_WS_HTTPS_CATALOG', '/catalog/');

Cheers,
Tim

#40   Mibble

Mibble
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  • Real Name:JAO
  • Location:MA (US): 42n22, 71w04, Massachusetts

Posted 04 August 2005 - 04:47

change the top http server ssetting

define('HTTP_SERVER', 'http://funaticalcomau.ozstaging.com');
to
define('HTTP_SERVER', 'https://secure16.ozh...g.com/funatical');
John Oligario

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